# Mass

 Unit Home Topic Home Chapter Home 0 Pictures 1 Animations 0 Videos Chapter Summary 0 Activities 0 Exams

## Mass

The basic unit for the measurement of length is the metre. When mass (the weight of something) is being measured, the basic unit of measurement is the kilogram. A kilogram (kg) is 1 000 grams (g).

The gram is used to measure small weights, and the tonne (t) is used for larger weights: 1 000 g = 1 kg and 1 000 kg = 1 tonne.

## Grams

A gram is one thousandth of a kilogram (0.001 kg). Things which might have a mass of a single gram include items such as a paperclip or a marble. One millilitre of water (a cubic centimetre of it) also has a mass of 1 gram.

## Some comparative gram amounts

 Mass Object 1 g a marble 50 g a small box of powdered soup 375 g a small tub of margarine 850 g a tin of canned fruit 950 g a large box of breakfast cereal 1 000 g half a dozen large apples 5 000 g a large bag of potatoes

See animation

## The relationship of the millilitre to the cubic centimetre

One litre (1 000 mL) is the amount of water that would have a mass of exactly 1 kilogram (1 000 g). A single millilitre has a mass of 1 gram and occupies the space of 1 cm3.

## Converting grams to kilograms (g kg)

As there are 1 000 grams in a kilogram, to convert g to kg is simply a matter of dividing by 1 000. This means moving the decimal point 3 places to the left.

Example:

8 000 g 8 000 1 000 8 kg
6500 g 6 500 1 000 6.5 kg
454 g 454 1 000 0.454 kg

## Converting kilograms to grams to (kg g)

As a kilogram equals 1 000 grams, to convert kg to g is simply a matter of multiplying by 1000. This means moving the decimal point 3 places to the right.

Example:

6 kg 6 x 1 000 6 000 g
8.7 kg 8.7 x 1 000 8 700 g
0.049 kg 0.049 x 1 000 49 g

## Several different notations for expressing mass

Masses involving grams and kilograms can be written in a number of different notations. They may be written as quantities:

i) in grams
ii) in both grams and kilograms, or
iii) in kilograms, using decimal notation.

 Gram 2 365 g 1 800 g 450 g 84 g kilogram and gram 2 kg 365 g 1 kg 800 g 450 g 84 g Decimal notation (kg) 2.365 kg 1.800 kgor 1.8 kg 0.450 kgor 0.45 kg 0.084 kg

Chapters:

## Pop Quiz

The more you learn - the more you earn!
Earn up to points by getting 100% in this pop quiz!

### Question 1/5

1. If a Butcher's scales showed the following mass on its display, how many 40 g slices of ham would need to be removed to exactly equal one kilogram?

 5 slices 9 slices 7 slices 3 slices

## ToolBox

No thanks. Remind me again later.