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State Parliaments make laws in their areas of responsibility. The Constitution of Australia sets out the responsibilities of the federal government and any area not given to the federal government will become the responsibility of the State governments.

Areas of responsibility of State government


Providing support for farmers, including research into best farming practices, disease prevention and financial aid when disasters such as floods or droughts occur.


Providing a public education system and also supervising the running of private schools. The Education Department is also in charge of exams, providing assistance for troubled students, maintaining the buildings in schools and employing all the teachers. This is one of the most important jobs of State governments.

Electricity and gas supplies

In general, government -owned corporations provide electricity and gas to the populations of the States. Large power stations make the electricity, which is then carried to different areas that need the power.


Hospitals, ambulances and community health services are all provided by the State governments. All public hospitals are run by State governments and private hospitals are monitored by State governments. Many doctors and nurses are employees of State governments.


State governments are in charge of making sure that there is enough land for all the people in the State to have housing. This is also known as the planning role of the government. Housing is also provided to low income earners by State governments. These houses are maintained by the Department of Housing.

Law and order

State governments are in charge of setting up and maintaining law and order through the police force and the courts. The prison system is also the responsibility of State governments.

Local government

State governments give some of their power to local councils, to deal with issues such as waste disposal and roads. The State government is in charge of all local governments and their workers.

Main roads

Main roads and highways in the States are the responsibility of the State governments.

Public transport

Trains, trams, bus and ferry services in the cities and towns of the States are all run by State governments.


Water supply to cities and towns for drinking is the responsibility of the State governments. Irrigation for farmers is also provided under the control of State governments.

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1. What area of responsibility covers the support of farmers and researching farming methods?






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