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When writing an introduction, remember that the purpose of the introduction is to inform the responder of the contents of the composition. This means that the points you include will need to be discussed in the body of your work. Never include a point in your introduction that is not discussed in the body of your work. Try to outline as briefly as possible your answer to the question, outline the topics that you will cover and introduce your thesis.

In Australia it is important that you do not start with a dictionary definition. This seems to be the norm in some parts of the world but is generally not used in Australia. The reason for this is that teachers are looking for your definition, rather than a definitive one - your opinion is what is important.

Taking the sample question on To Kill a Mockingbird, in the introduction, we need to incorporate the answer to the question, the three topics and the thesis. We do not need to go into detail about any of the topics. The introduction tells the marker what is to follow in the body of the exposition. Let's look at an example. Look for where the points are outlined.

The role of Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird is essential for the effective expression of the themes. The themes are expressed through the narrator, Scout, and the changes she undergoes as she grows older. The theme of moral education is expressed almost solely through the direct and indirect lessons that Atticus teaches her and her brother. The complex themes of good and evil are expressed through Scout's growing appreciation for Atticus, his motivations and his actions through revelations of his integrity and courage. The theme of social inequality is expressed through Scout's interpretations of Atticus' understanding interaction with people of differing social status. Atticus' courage, empathy, integrity and effective parenting have an essential impact on the development of the main character and, as such, on the development of the themes of the novel.

Sample introduction

The red is the answer to the question.
The green is an outline of what will come.
The blue is the thesis.


When writing a conclusion it is important that the question is revisted. View the conclusion as the ultimate summing up of your ideas. Answer the question and, having explained it in more detail thr ough the body of the composition, express the meaning of your thesis. Be sure that all the important points are covered. Answer the question, including the evaluation of how important Atticus is to the impact of the themes. Restate the link between Atticus and the themes and how the composer has linked Atticus and the themes. Explain your thesis. Consider the following example.

Atticus Finch, as the father of the main character and narrator of To Kill a Mockingbird, has a crucially important impact on the themes of the novel. Scout's understanding and perceptions of the world broaden and become more complex as she is guided through a morally difficult time by Atticus. His courage, integrity and empathy stand as examples for how to live and behave through the narrator's eyes. The presentation of Atticus as an open and respectful parent opens up his personality to responders and the contrast between his ideals and the ideals of others in Maycomb emphasise his thematic importance, the importance of a moral education, the uncertain boundaries between good and evil and the injustices of social inequality.

Sample conclusion


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