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When we are reading we often come across words that we do not know. Maybe an adult or one of your classmates will tell you the word but it is a good idea to try and sound out the word yourself. This will help you to become a more confident and fluent reader.

 

When you come across a word you do not know look at the new word carefully. What letter or sound does it begin with? What sound does it end with? Can you work out what the word is now? If the word is a long word and you are still having trouble working out what it is, try and break it into smaller pieces.

 

Look at the word ‘daylight'. Use two of your fingers to bracket the first part of the word ‘day', sound out this part of the word, then do the same for the second part, ‘light.' When you have worked out what the word is say it out loud, and then reread the sentence so that you understand the whole sentence.

 

It is easy to sound out small words like 'cat ' and 'bed' but often harder to sound out ‘big' words. When you come across a big word, break the word into smaller parts that you can say more easily.

Try these words:


understand
un-der-stand

 

carnival
car-ni-val

 

dangerously
dan-ger-ous-ly

 

 

Sometimes it is still difficult to work out a new word even after using all the strategies above. The next thing you can try is to look at context. This means that you look at the page as a whole, including other words you have already read for clues. You can also look at the pictures on the page to help you. For example a story may have pictures of swings, slides, ramps and climbing equipment and lots of words about playing in the park. Maybe the word you get stuck on is ‘playground.' Again use the clues and the strategies above to help you break the word down.

 

 

 


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