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A narrative is a text that tells a story. The story can be realistic, imagined or a mix of both.

The events in the narrative can:

  • entertain: for example, a funny story will make you laugh
  • make the reader feel a certain way: a story might have a happy or sad ending
  • teach the reader something: for example, how to make new friends, if the story is about friendship

A fairy tale is an example of a type of narrative.




·         Orientation/Complication

·         Evaluation/Sequence of events

·         Resolution



Language features


·         Description  of characters and places using a variety of methods:

o   Adverbs: quickly, secretly, suddenly

o   Adjectives: ugly, friendly, monstrous, grumpy, angry, picturesque

o   Similes: as bright as the sun, as brave as a lion


·         Words signaling time e.g. Once upon a time…, Long ago…, last week…


·         Verbs showing action in the story e.g. whispered, shouted, looked, hid


·         Use of descriptive words / phrases such as adjectives (the tall man…), similes (she was smiling as brightly as the sun..)



Excerpt from CINDERELLA


Once upon a time, there was a young girl named Cinderella. She lived with her step-mother and two step-sisters.

The step-mother and sisters were conceited and bad tempered. They treated Cinderella very badly. Her step-mother made Cinderella do the hardest work in the house; such as scrubbing the floor, cleaning the pots and pans and preparing food for the family. The two step-sisters, on the other hand, did not do any work about the house. Their mother gave them many handsome dresses to wear.

One day, the two step-sisters received an invitation to the ball and that the king's son was going to be at the palace. They were excited about this and spent so much time choosing the dresses they would wear. At last, the day of the ball came, and the sisters went to it eagerly. Cinderella could not help but cry after they had left.

“Why are you crying, Cinderella?” a voice asked. She looked up and saw her fairy godmother standing beside her. “Because I want so much to go to the ball” said Cinderella. “Well” said the godmother,”you've been such a cheerful, hardworking, uncomplaining girl that I am going to see that you do go to the ball”.




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Question 1/5

1. Which of the following is an example of a narrative?

a dictionary definition

a recipe

a diary entry

a myth


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